Ganoderma lucidum extract is extracted by fermentation of Ganoderma lucidum, and its main components are Ganoderma lucidum triterpenoids and Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides.
Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides are the most widely studied compounds in Ganoderma lucidum except triterpenoids. In the 1970s, the research on Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides mainly focused on the separation, preparation, and pharmacological action of polysaccharides and polysaccharides composition components, and in the 1980s and 1990s, it mainly focused on the structure of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides and polysaccharides composition and their relationship with function.
More than 200 polysaccharides have been isolated from Ganoderma lucidum at home and abroad. In addition to glucose, most ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides also contain arabinose, xylose, galactose, fucose, mannose, and other monosaccharides. Among the 18 ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides determined in China, there are 5 peptide polysaccharides, and 4 glucans, and the rest are heteropolysaccharides. According to foreign literature reports, among more than 100 kinds of ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides isolated from ganoderma lucidum, ganoderma purple, ganoderma hemlock, and other ganoderma lucidum fungi, 4 kinds of polysaccharides with strong anti-tumor activity are peptide polysaccharides. According to research, Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide contains more glycosidic bonds in its structure, which may be the reason for its strong pharmacological activity.
Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides are important physiological active ingredients contained in Ganoderma lucidum, which are highly valued by medical and technological workers. Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides can inhibit the unlimited and rapid division ability of tumor cells. At present, Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides have been used as one of the drugs for treating tumors. It has been proved that Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide can also improve the immunity of the body, improve the ability of the body to resist hypoxia, reduce blood sugar, and blood fat, anti-radiation, and anti-aging.